PVE - Pesquisador Visitante Especial

resumo

Energy is the cornerstone of the economy and the World´s demand for cleaner and more sustainable energy production. That is why the energy from renewable resources is one of the major goals of Europe and Brazil. Undoubtedly lignocellulosic biomass will play an important role in achieving this difficult task by the application of the green chemistry principles and development of the biorefinery concept. This interdisciplinary project aims to fully deploy the potential of IONIC LIQUIDS and SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS to burst the biorefinery concept. Ionic liquids (ILs) and supercritical fluids (scF) are versatile compounds that comply with green chemistry principles and that can greatly contribute to overcome the current scientific and technological hurdles that constrain the biorefinery to become a reality. To accomplish this challenge, this cutting-edge research project is devoted to the production of the 2nd generation biofuels and high value added products from lignocellulosic biomass. This project proposal is concretised in 3 interlinked tasks: Task 1: 1) To map the crucial properties of ILs. 2) To create unique tailor-made ionic liquid(s) able to selectively dissolve and hydrolyse the polysaccharide and lignin fractions from the lignocellulosic matrix. Task 2: To produce 2nd generation biofuels namely novel furan derivatives using the lignocellulosic biomass by the integration of the biomass dissolution and hydrolysis. Task 3: To extract natural volatile compounds from plant biomass using supercritical fluids. The project presented in this call is an extension of the current collaboration existing in the frame of the currently running project entitled PROETHANOL 2G - INTEGRATION OF BIOLOGY AND ENGINEERING INTO AN ECONOMICAL AND ENERGY-EFFICIENT 2G BIOETHANOL, a Brazilian ? European cooperation project, coordinated by prof. Elba Bon (UFRJ, Brazil) and Francisco Gírio (LNEG, Portugal). In addition to the scientific research contribution, the Professor Visitante Especial will be involved in teaching activities within the Post-Graduate Programme in Chemistry - PGPC at FURB, dealing with themes such as Green Chemistry and Biorefinary. Both contributions from PVE should impact on the work currently performed in the following research lines of PGPC, namely: Natural Product Chemistry; Improvement and Development of Materials; Petroleum Derivatives, Biofuels and Biorefinery; Biocatalytic Methods and Processes. It is also expected that this proposal may promote significant mobility of students and lecturers between FURB, LNEG and the Catalysis and Interfacial Phenomena Laboratory (CIPL), the latter a member of the INCT of Catalyses in Molecular and Nanostructured Systems which will not be directly involved in performing the tasks presented, but it will provide the necessary analytical support. This interdisciplinary project aims to fully deploy the potential of IONIC LIQUIDS and SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS to burst the biorefinery concept. Ionic liquids (ILs) and supercritical fluids (scF) are versatile compounds that comply with green chemistry principles and that can greatly contribute to overcome the current scientific and technological hurdles that constrain the biorefinery to become a reality. To accomplish this challenge, this cutting-edge research project is devoted to the production of the 2nd generation biofuels and high value added products from lignocellulosic biomass. This project proposal is concretised in 3 interlinked tasks. The project presented in this call is an extension of the current collaboration existing in the frame of the currently running project entitled PROETHANOL 2G - INTEGRATION OF BIOLOGY AND ENGINEERING INTO AN ECONOMICAL AND ENERGY-EFFICIENT 2G BIOETHANOL, a Brazilian – European cooperation project, coordinated by prof. Elba Bon (UFRJ, Brazil) and Francisco Gírio (LNEG, Portugal).
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